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Insulation Buying Guide
If you have been spending too much money on your monthly heating bills, then chances are that your home’s insulation isn’t effective. The United States Department of Energy warns that 50% to 70% of the total amount of energy used in homes facilitates heating and cooling. Therefore, if your floors, walls, and attic aren’t properly insulated, this could be the explanation for the ever-increasing energy bills. By making sure your home is excellently insulated, you can create the desired indoor temperature while improving your property’s energy efficiency.
Here’s a comprehensive guide that outlines different types of insulation for residential properties and other essential home insulation aspects that you should know.
How insulation works
Simply put, insulation is a thermal-resistant barrier that prevents heat loss or gain. It creates a barrier between two different areas with different levels of temperature. Homes and other residential properties need help to stay energy-efficient, and by installing the right type of insulation, your home can minimize heat loss during chilly weather and stay cool during the warm weather. This can reduce your total monthly energy bills significantly.
Most property owners choose to insulate floors located above crawl spaces or unfinished basements and in the attic. If you own an old home, the most effective sections to insulate include the attic, exterior walls, crawl spaces, and basement.
The overall performance of particular insulation is measured in terms of R-values. This metric quantifies the thermal resistance of specific construction material and other parts of a building, including the walls, roof, and floors.
R-values for different insulation materials vary depending on the thickness, density, and type of material used. Insulation with a high R-value tends to perform better compared to insulation with a low rating. According to the Department of Energy, property owners should choose various insulation levels depending on the regional climate zones. This could enhance the level of energy-efficiency of their homes.
Types of insulation
There are various types of insulation on the market. If you intend to install new insulation or replace the current one, it’s best to understand the different options available. Remember, each type of insulation has a specific R-value, benefits, and drawbacks.
- Loose-fill insulation
Also known as blown-in insulation, loose-fill insulation is made of cellulose fiber, glass, and rock wool fibers, or expanded perlite and vermiculite. This type of insulation should be poured, stuffed, or blow in or sprayed into place with a piece of reliable pneumatic equipment. This type of insulation is ideal for both walls and the attic.
- Insulation batts
This type of insulation is a preferred choice for property owners. The most common insulating material is fiberglass wool fibers or mineral fiber. Generally, batts are usually sold as pre-cut blankets and strips just as continuous rolls. Both are available in widths that can match ceiling-rafter and conventional well-stud spacing. That means they can easily be pressed or event stapled in place.
Insulation batts are readily available, easy for DIY installation, and affordable. They’re ideal for attics, ceilings, walls, and floors. However, installing this type of insulation in a non-standard joist or stud spacing might take longer as the materials should be the first cut to fit these spaces.
- Insulation rolls
This type of insulation is available in pre-cut widths that can perfectly fit in between joists and studs. Generally, insulation rolls come in somewhat continuous lengths that range from 20-40 linear feet. Insulation rolls can be installed on floors, attics, and other areas that require longer runs.
- Foam board insulation
This type of insulation is made of different minerals, including polystyrene, polyisocyanurate, polyurethane, and asphalt-impregnated fiberboard. The rigid panels are usually used in new construction or roofing where they’re installed as roof sheathing or as insulation beneath interior walls and around the foundations. Foam board insulation is categorized as combustible, and that means they can’t be left exposed.
- Spray foam insulation
This type of insulation should be installed by a professional using a special piece of equipment for monitoring the mix and the entire application process. It’s associated with a higher R-value, doesn’t settle in one place, and doesn’t shrink. Besides, it blocks all drafts of air created by air infiltration as it conforms to all nooks and crannies, and provides a reliable barrier to moisture.
Spray foam insulation is made of polyurethane or latex and is ideal for sealing the vent, doors, and windows.
- Vapor barriers
Kraft-faced and house wrap insulation are examples of vapor barriers that can help control the amount of moisture that can pass through the insulation. In the event that moisture from either side of the insulation builds up within cavity walls or stud, the heat-conducting moisture will make the insulation lose its R-value, and rot or mold will develop over time. Vapor barriers are often used when framing a property’s exterior walls.
How much insulation is required?
To determine the amount of insulation your home requires, find out if the property is already insulated. The next step involves measuring the overall area that requires insulation and establishing the specific type of insulation that could work effectively.
Other areas that require insulation
Make sure you have installed high-quality insulation in the attic, crawl space, and outer walls as these are more susceptible to heat transfer. It’s also recommended to insulate water heaters as this will prevent energy loss and probably lower your monthly energy bills. Wrap all hot water pipes using tabular insulation to keep the water warm and to avoid freezing.
More insulation tips
Ensure your house is perfectly ventilated. Enough ventilation can prevent loss of too much heat and prevents condensation. Fix all leaks to prevent air from entering or exiting in areas around the doors and windows. Remember, leaks should be fixed before the installation of insulation, as it’s challenging to fix them once the insulation is in place.
Lastly, wear protective gear when handling insulation to avoid breathing in harmful substances or irritating your skin. Afterward, vacuum your clothes to ensure you don’t come into contact with materials that could irritate your skin.
Bernardi Building Supply offer a wide range of Commercial and Retail Insulation Products. We offer best choices for your House Insulation needs. With over 45 years of experience, we know how to meet our customers’ needs and provide the best service we can. We offer only the top brands of insulation supplies available and always stay on top of the latest industry trends.
At Bernardi Building Supply, we feel that customer satisfaction and great service are at the top of our priority list. Whether your needs are for residential or commercial, renovations or new construction projects, our friendly and knowledgeable sales staff will be there to offer the most reliable advice about our large selection of insulation supplies. We stock quality products that we are proud to sell and are always looking for new, innovative items to add to our inventory. We maintain a strong relationship with our suppliers so that we in turn can better serve our customers and honor our commitment to them.
Top Quality Insulation Products
Variety of Insulation Supplies in Toronto
Our company ranks among the most extensive full-service companies for insulation products in the Toronto area. spray foam insulation, roll basement insulation to Tyvek house wrap, sound attenuation blankets, and much more. All of our insulations supplies come from top-rated suppliers who back their products with years of experience and concern for the safety and well-being of the planet and those who live on it. Whether you are a professional contractor or a do-it-yourselfer, you will find whatever you need in our broad variety of insulation products. We can even custom order products that we normally do not keep in stock. Our helpful staff will be able to guide you toward whatever you need for that large construction project or that smaller around-the-house fix up.
The goal at BBS is to stand out from the other insulation supply companies in the Toronto area. We will do whatever it takes to meet this goal. From stocking a large selection of high quality insulation products and supplies, ensuring that our customers get exactly what they need for their projects, to making the ordering and delivery process smooth and efficient, our company is dedicated to providing the best products and service for our customers. When you think insulation supplies, the first name that comes to mind is Bernardi Building Supply.
The Benefits of Insulation
Insulation products and supplies provide many benefits for your home or building. Proper insulation can save you money on heating and air conditioning costs. Houses or buildings that are not insulated properly can allow heat transfer, leading to wasted energy. This will increase your energy costs and also make your heating and air conditioning unit work harder than it needs to, which will shorten its lifespan, costing you more money in the future.
Installing the proper insulation can also make your home more comfortable due to its sound absorption qualities. Insulation can absorb unwanted noise from appliances, audio equipment, and other causes of noise pollution. It can even prevent sound from being transmitted through the walls and floors of your home or building. Your home or building will also remain more comfortable with insulation that will keep the temperature at a more constant and consistent level.
Insulation can even keep your family or the people in your building healthier. Using formaldehyde-free insulation can reduce exposure to this toxic chemical. Insulation can also keep moulds and mildews from growing in your walls, ducts and ceilings posing dangerous health hazards.
For these reasons it’s important to know about the type of insulation products that you purchase. There are many type of insulation and the choices can be overwhelming. While you want the best insulation that you can get, you want something that will be cost-effective for your project. You should come to a reliable, knowledgeable supplier like Bernardi Building Supply whose helpful staff can guide you to get the best performance and biggest savings from your insulation purchase.
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